World Test Championship

The World Test Championship is a league competition of the test cricket format run by the ICC. It was introduced by the council, in lieu to have a tournament for each of the three format. It can be called as the Test World Cup, with fixtures spanned over two years. ICC had plans to organise it back in 2013 and 2017, but it was cancelled and the first championship finally started in 2019 and ended in June, 2021 with New Zealand being the first winners of the tournament after winning the world test championship final.

All about World Test Championship 2021

The inaugural edition of the championship saw some outstanding games. It began on 1st August 2019 with the first test of Ashes 2019. Throughout the time period, a lot of things happened, mainly the COVID-19 Pandemic, which led to a number of series getting cancelled; one was Australia against South Africa, which could have made Australia reach the finals. Each team were prescribed to play against six other teams, three at home and three away series. Finally, the final game happened on 18th June at Southampton, where India and New Zealand knocked horn against each other and it was a rain spoilt game, which led to a reserve day decider, where New Zealand won the ICC test championship title. 

How Many Teams Play World Test Championship?

three teams which did not participate, despite being full members were- Afghanistan, Ireland, Zimbabwe. It is expected that no new teams will be added for the next test championship as well.

The nine teams that featured in the World Test Championship:

  1. Australia
  2. Bangladesh
  3. England
  4. India
  5. New Zealand
  6. Pakistan
  7. South Africa
  8. Sri Lanka
  9. West Indies

All about World Test Champions Point System

The ICC made a rule that- same number of points will be there for every series, despite any difference in length; as this would not be a disadvantage for the teams playing fewer tests. It was also conferred that the points will be given on basis of the match win and not series win. Therefore, whether the series is of 3, 4 or 5 matches, the number of points given for a match win would be a half, a third, a quarter, or a fifth of the total number of games. This rule will guarantee of the two best teams making it to a world test championship final.

Old Points Table

Result Points Awarded
Test Series Win 120

In the ICC World Test Championship old points table, a total of 120 points were allotted to a 5-test match series. For each win, the team got 24 points in the previous points that was used in the championship. If it was a 3-match test series, the teams would have got 40 points for a win. Initially, it was decided by the ICC that the two teams which bags maximum number of points in the 2-year cycle would progress to the final, depending on all the 9 teams playing same number of series. But the covid concerns in the Year of 2020 ruled out this possibility, and the rules needed to be changed amid growing demands by the cricket boards. Then, it was decided that the teams which collects the maximum percentage of available points will progress to the WTC Final.

Revamped Points Table

From the 2021-23 Cycle, new points system will be used for evaluating the performance of the teams and finally getting into the test championship final. It has been now decided that the each test win will be allotted 12 points, irrespective of the length of the series.

Result Points Awarded
Test Match Win12

and tied match, the teams would now get 4 and 6 points respectively. For a 5-match test series, the maximum points which will be awarded is 60. But the rule of determining the position with maximum percentage of available points in the points table is kept the same in this points table as well. This measure will not affect the team’s points, if their test series has been cancelled for some reasons.

World Test Championship 2021 Highlights

The World Championship cricket 2021 started with Australia locking horns with England in the Ashes 2019-20. This test series brought attention of the fans towards the growing significance of the longest format of the game, due to the thrilling victory of England, courtesy Ben Stokes. The five match test series ended in a draw.

  • 2019-20 Ashes: 2-2 (Ashes retained by the Australian team)
  • New Zealand in Sri Lanka 2019: 1-1 (Draw)
  • India in West Indies 2019: India won the series 2-0.
  • South Africa in India : India won the series 3-0.
  • Bangladesh in India 2019 : India won the series 2-0.
  • Pakistan in Australia 2019/20: Australia won the series 2-0.
  • Pakistan in Sri Lanka 2019/20 : Pakistan won the series 1-0
  • New Zealand in Australia 2019/20 : Australia won the series 3-0.
  • South Africa in England 2019/20 : England won the series 3-1.
  • Bangladesh in Pakistan 2020 : Pakistan won the series 1-0.
  • India in New Zealand 2019/20 : New Zealand won the series 2-0.
  • West Indies in England 2020 : England won the series 2-1.
  • Pakistan in England 2020 : England wins the series 1-0.
  • West Indies in New Zealand 2020 : New Zealand won the series 2-0.
  • India in Australia 2020/21 : India won the series 2-1.
  • Pakistan in New Zealand 2020/21 : New Zealand won the series 2-0.
  • Sri Lanka in South Africa 2020/21 : South Africa won the series 2-0.
  • England in Sri Lanka 2021 : England won the series 2-0.
  • South Africa in Pakistan 2021 : Pakistan won the series 2-0.
  • England in India 2021 : India won the series 3-1.
  • Sri Lanka in West Indies 2021 : Series was drawn
  • Bangladesh in Sri Lanka 2021 : Sri Lanka won the series 1-0.
  • South Africa in West Indies 2021 : South Africa won the series 2-0.
  • WTC Final Match - New Zealand won the match by 8 wickets against India.

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World Test Championship 2021 Teams

A total of 9 teams, which are full members of ICC participated in the World Test Championship 2021. This included New Zealand, India, Australia, England, West Indies, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. The other full members like Zimbabwe, Afghanistan, and Ireland did not participate in the tournament.

The ICC WTC final was played between India and New Zealand in June 2021.

WTC Final - Who was crowned champions?

The top teams after the completion of the league stage were India and New Zealand. The Indian team played 17 matches, and won 12 of them in the 6 series. While the New Zealand team secured 7 victories in total of 11 fixtures and were positioned 2nd in the points table. The Indian team qualified for the final after their test series against England, and New Zealand were the first to enter into the finals.

The New Zealand team were crowned champions of the ICC world test championship Final.

Who won Test Championship 2021

The New Zealand team won the ICC WTC final 2021 in a convincing manner. They dismissed Indian team for 217 runs. The fast bowler Kyle Jamieson was the pick bowler with 5 wickets, and Boult and Wagner picked 2 wickets each. On reply, they took the lead of 32 runs with the contribution of 49 and 54 from Kane Williamson and Devon Conway respectively.

In the 2nd innings, the Indian team were bundled out for the score of 170 runs. All the bowlers ( Southee,Boult, Jamieson, Wagner) picked up wickets. Then the team chased down the target of 139 runs with the contribution of Kane Williamsom and Ross Taylor.

What happens if ICC Test Championship final draw/tied?

If the WTC test world cup final ends in a draw or tie, the two teams playing the finals, will be crowned as joint winner of the championship. The reserve days have also been allotted for the most important match of the prestigious championship in world cricket. But it will only be used in the event of lost time, comprising of reasons due to rain, bad light, and weather conditions. The WTC Final will be declared as a draw, if the full quota overs have been bowled in the test match.

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